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A historic hint

Introduction
The establishment of the Saudi company for Electricity
The establishment of the organization of Electric services

Introduction
The electricity sector has witnessed great progress through the great care lf the custodian of the two holly mosques and his wise government as he follows up saving the services to his citizens , especially electricity occupied an important and eminent part of his interests and that is clear in his concrete and abstract support to upgrade this vital and important sector that happens as a result of his high directions by generalizing the electricity in all parts of Saudi Arabia . Great electrical stations were set up for generation electricity. Moreover, connecting the regions of the united Kingdom with webs for distributing and transferring the achievements in the infrastructure of the sector of electricity.

There is a continuous development for achieving economic advancement there is a concrete development in the electricity service as electricity is one of the bases of development that is employed for achieving a great deal of economic prosperity within a very short time . The sector of electricity is a continuous source of welfare and goodness. It also witnessed a concrete progress as electricity is one of the bases of development .the government seeks to exploit it for achieving economic welfare within a very short time. This sector benefited a lot form the state of stability that overwhelmed the country since its unity in 1351 Hegira and also from the unlimited support from the leaders of the country. The observer of the history of electricity in the kingdom can summarize essential facts, first of all the shout time in which the sector of electricity achieved its first steps. When the country set up the first administration to supervise the electrical affairs before the beginning of development plans in the kingdom, the production of electricity was limited in small civil companies which have a purely commercial characteristic.

They were set up where there are fixed population and mobs in cities and villages. The tariff of selling electricity is different from one company to another according to the actual cost of the production of energy, plus achieving high profits. In Rajab month, 1381 Hegira (1961), the ministry of commerce established the first administration that was responsible for running the affairs of electricity. Also it put laws and order to give licenses and permits for the companies of electricity. Moreover, this administration took the charge of encouraging the national investment in this vital sector.

With the advent of the year 1390 Hegira (1970), there was the first 5th year plan for development in the kingdom. In 1394 Hegira, An industrial agency of electricity newly set up in the ministry of trade and industry , then the electrical services constitution joined to this agency , In this year, the tariff was uniformed to sell electricity all over the kingdom in return for lower prices than the actual cost . In 1395 Hegira the kingdom began to execute a serial of ambitious plans so as to achieve a balanced economic growth. The sector of electricity and industry received a lot of developing programmes. As a result of the previous procedures, the ministry of industry and electricity was set up on 8th Shawal, 1395 Hegira by the royal decree No 1/236. within its frame work , the agency of electrical affairs was set up to take the charge of publishing the electrical services and put all the plans and programmes to develop, generate and supervise on carrying out these ambitious electrical plans.

Seeking to unify the criteria of operating and the quality of the presented service the general institution of electricity was sit up on the 2nd of Rajab month , 1396 Hegira by a royal decree no m/55 . This institution was responsible for the governmental electrical projects that were already set up. After that, it carried out several huge investments, projects in the field of electrical services. During that period from 1396: 1401Hegira, the foundation of the four unified Saudi companies were gradually established in the regions of the kingdom: the eastern, the middle, the southern and the western regions. Since that time, the electrical webs were strengthened and the electrical services were introduced continuously. At that stage , the state was able through the development plans to spread and generalize the electricity in the cities and villages of the kingdom until the electrical webs become extended for thousands of kilometers covering all the regions of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The establishment of the Saudi company for Electricity
Through blessing steps, the decision of the cabinet No 169 on 11/8/1419 Hegira was issued for unifying the ten electrical companies and the operating projects that follow the public institution of electricity in one joint company under the name of " the Saudi company of electricity . Thus, this sector began to witness a new and strong start for serving the country and the citizens. Also, the company becomes profitable and participates in pushing the wheel of growth and prosperity forward. One of the most important characteristics of that decision is that it opened the way of competition to the private sector to invest in the field of generating the electricity. That’s in turn, will develop the efficiency of operating and reduce the costs. Moreover, this decision obligated the company to specialize part of its income for research work and the development in the field of electricity itself. Also, the company will fund the researches at universities, institutions and the specialized centers and to rationalize the use of the electrical power, improve its systems and keep the environment. The Saudi company for electricity began running its own business on 1/1/ 1421 Hegira.

The establishment of the organization of Electric services
Catching up with the great care and efforts of the custodian of the two holly mosques and his wise government for developing the sector of electricity in the kingdom, the cabinet issued a decision No (236) on 27/8/1422 for establishing an organization for organizing the electrical services aiming primarily to ensure saving the electrical services with qualified and reliable levels. Also the service should be in return for suitable prices. Also, it aims to save credibility and trust for the investors. This will lead to increase the participation of the private sector in the field of investment in the sector of electricity and working to achieve the competition and reducing the monopoly which forms the basic element for the sake of protecting the consumer and improving the efficiency of the sector performance. There are a lot of bright points in the history of electricity like developing the services and caring about the training programmes. When we stare at what was achieved in the sector of electricity at this prosperous era, we’ll find great process of building and civilization in which the Saudi people live. This reflects the care of the state to up grade this sector rapidly and to catch up with the great development that the kingdom witnesses in all fields.
 
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